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电力互感器术语使用手册

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电力互感器术语使用手册
出版时间:2017年

内容简介
《电力互感器术语使用手册》从电力互感器术语出发,依据相关标准、规范,收录术语160余条,涵盖定义、定义来源、解析、历史沿革、符号或公式、实物图、延伸等,详细展现了从定义到实物图、典型设计参数和运维经验等全方位知识.
《电力互感器术语使用手册》是一部电力互感器专业的工具类书籍 ,该书展示了互感器术语的发展过程、剖析其定义内涵、给出必要的原理分析及实物图片、提示设备制造及运维过程中的注意事项等内容。《电力互感器术语使用手册》可供电力系统相关专业人员以及高校相关专业师生使用.

前言
1 互感器的通用术语
1.1 互感器 instrument transformer
1.2 电流互感器current transformer
1.3 电压互感器voltage transformer
1.4 三相电压互感器three-phase voltage transformers
1.5 组合互感器combined instrument transformer
1.6 三相组合互感器three-phase combined instrument transformers
1.7 自耦式互感器instrument auto-transformer
1.8 直流互感器 direct current instrument transformer
1.9 准确级 accuracy class
1.10 实际变比actual transformation ratio
1.11 额定变比rated transformation ratio
1.12 比值差ratio error
1.13 相位差phase displacement
1.14 负荷burden
1.15 额定负荷rated burden
1.16 额定输出rated output
1.17 绕组 winding
1.18 线段section
1.19 一次绕组primary winding
1.20 二次绕组secondary winding(s)
1.21 一次端子primary terminals
1.22 二次端子secondary terminals
1.23 二次电路secondary circuit
1.24 二次回路电阻secondary loop resistance
1.25 机械载荷mechanical load
1.26 外壳enclosure
1.27 膨胀器 expander
1.28 分压器divider
1.29 气体绝缘金属封闭式互感器gas-insulated metal-enclosed instrument transformer
1.29.1 压力释放装置 pressure relief device
1.29.2 额定充气压力 rated filling pressure
1.29.3 最低工作压力 minimum functional pressure
1.29.4 外壳的设计压力 design pressure of the enclosure
1.29.5 外壳的设计温度 design temperature of the enclosure
1.29.6 绝对泄漏率 absolute leakage rate
1.29.7 相对泄漏率 relative leakage rate
2 电流互感器术语
2.1 单铁心电流互感器single-core type current transformer
2.2 多铁心电流互感器multi-core type current transformer
2.3 分裂铁心电流互感器split core type current transformer
2.4 变比可选电流互感器selectable-ratio current transformer
2.5 套管式电流互感器bushing type current transformer
2.6 母线式电流互感器bus-type current transformer
2.7 电缆式电流互感器cable-type current transformer
2.8 单匝贯穿式电流互感器bar primary type current transformer
2.9 支柱式电流互感器support type current transformer
2.10 串级式电流互感器cascade current transformer
2.11 倒立式电流互感器inverted-type current transformer
2.12 速饱和电流互感器rapid-saturable current transformer
2.13 剩余电流residual current
2.14 剩余电流互感器residual current transformer
2.15 累加用电流互感器summation current transformer
2.16 一次电流 primary current
2.17 二次电流secondary current
2.18 额定一次电流 rated primary current
2.19 额定二次电流rated secondary current
2.20 额定连续热电流rated continuous thermal current
2.21 额定短时热电流 rated short-time thermal current
2.22 额定动稳定电流 rated dynamic current
2.23 测量用电流互感器measuring current transformer
2.24 匝数补偿 turns correction
2.25 额定仪表限值一次电流rated instrument limit primary current
2.26 仪表保安系数 instrument security factor(FS)
2.27 额定扩大一次电流 rated extended primary current
2.28 保护用电流互感器protective current transformer
2.29 P级保护用电流互感器class P protective current transformer
2.30 PR级保护用电流互感器class PR protective current transformer
2.31 复合误差composite error
2.32 额定准确限值一次电流 rated accuracy limit primary current
2.33 准确限值系数 accuracy limit factor(ALF)
2.34 二次极限电势secondary limiting e.m.f.
2.35 PX级保护用电流互感器class PX protective current transformer
2.36 PXR级保护用电流互感器class PXR protective current transformer
2.37 励磁特性excitation characteristic
2.38 励磁电流exciting current
2.39 拐点电压knee point voltage
2.40 拐点电势knee point e.m.f.
2.41 额定拐点电势rated knee point e.m.f.
2.42 匝数比误差turns ratio error
2.43 计算系数dimensioning factor
2.44 TPX级暂态特性保护用电流互感器class TPX protective current transformer for transient performance
2.45 TPY级暂态特性保护用电流互感器class TPY protective current transformer for transient performance
2.46 TPZ级暂态特性保护用电流互感器class TPZ protective current transformer for transient performance
2.47 暂态一次短路电流 primary short circuit current in transient condition
2.48 一次时间常数primary time constant
2.49 额定一次短路电流 rated primary short-circuit current
2.50 额定对称短路电流系数 rated symmetrical short-circuit current factor
2.51 瞬时误差电流instantaneous error current
2.52 峰值瞬时误差peak instantaneous error
2.53 峰值交流分量误差peak value of alternating error current
2.54 工作循环 duty cycle
2.54.1 第一次故障持续时间duration of the first fault
2.54.2 第二次故障持续时间 duration of the second fault
2.54.3 第一次故障的准确限值规定时间specified time to accuracy limit in the first fault
2.54.4 第二次故障的准确限值规定时间specified time to accuracy limit in the second fault
2.54.5 故障重现时间(或无电流时间) fault repetition time (or dead time)
2.55 饱和磁通saturation flux
2.56 剩磁通remanent flux
2.57 剩磁系数remanence factor
2.58 额定电阻性负荷rated resistive burden
2.59 二次绕组电阻secondary winding resistive
2.60 二次回路时间常数secondary loop time constant
2.61 暂态系数transient factor
2.62 暂态面积系数transient dimensioning factor
2.63 额定等效极限二次电势rated equivalent limiting secondary e.m.f
2.64 低漏抗电流互感器low leakage reactance current transformer
2.65 高漏抗电流互感器high leakage reactance current transformer
2.66 结构系数factor of construction
2.67 绝缘热稳定性dielectric thermal stability
2.68 主【电容】屏main capacitor screen
2.68.1 端环 end ring
2.68.2 端屏 end screen
3 电压互感器术语
3.1 电磁式电压互感器inductive voltage transformer
3.2 电容式电压互感器capacitor voltage transformer(CVT)
3.2.1 电压连接式CVT voltage-connected CVT
3.2.2 电流连接式CVT current-connected CVT
3.2.3 阻波器连接式CVT line trap-connected CVT
3.2.4 叠装式结构 stacking structure
3.2.5 非叠装式结构 non-stacking structure
3.2.6 运行变差 variation of operation
3.2.7 电容式电压互感器的额定温度类别 rated temperature category of a capacitor voltage transformer
3.2.8 电容式电压互感器的额定频率 rated frequency of capacitor voltage transformer
3.2.9 低压端子杂散电容stray capacitance of the low voltage terminal
3.2.10 低压端子杂散电导stray conductance of the low voltage terminal
3.3 额定电压因数rated voltage factor
3.4 不接地电压互感器unearthed voltage transformer
3.5 接地电压互感器earthed voltage transformer
3.6 一次电压primary voltage
3.7 二次电压secondary voltage
3.8 额定一次电压rated primary voltage
3.9 额定二次电压 rated secondary voltage
3.10 测量用电压互感器measuring voltage transformer
3.11 保护用电压互感器 protective voltage transformer
3.12 串级式电压互感器cascade voltage transformer
3.12.1 平衡绕组balancing winding
3.12.2 耦合绕组coupling winding
3.13 开磁路电压互感器open-core voltage transformer
3.14 剩余电压residual voltage
3.15 剩余电压绕组residual voltage winding
3.16 热极限输出 thermal limiting output
3.17 铁磁谐振 ferro-resonance
3.18 暂态响应transient response
3.19 耦合电容器coupling capacitor
3.20 电容分压器capacitor voltage divider
3.20.1 高压端子(电容分压器的)high voltage terminal ( of a capacitor divider)
3.20.2 中压端子(电容分压器的)intermediate voltage terminal (of a capacitor divider)
3.20.3 低压端子(电容分压器的)low voltage terminal (of a capacitor divider)
3.20.4 高压电容器(电容分压器的)high voltage capacitor(of a capacitor divider)
3.20.5 中压电容器(电容分压器的)intermediate voltage capacitor(of a capacitor divider)
3.20.6 中间电压(电容分压器的)intermediate voltage (of a capacitor divider)
3.20.7 分压比(电容分压器的)voltage ratio (of a capacitor divider)
3.20.8 (电容器)元件(capacitor)element
3.20.9 (电容器)单元(capacitor)unit
3.20.10 (电容器)叠柱(capacitor)stack
3.20.11 电容器的额定电容rated capacitance of a capacitor
3.20.12 (电容器的)高频电容high frequency capacitance(of a capacitor)
3.20.13 电容器的等值串联电阻equivalent series resistance of a capacitor
3.20.14 电容器损耗capacitor losses
3.20.15 电容器的损耗角正切(tan δ) tangent of the loss angle (tan δ) of a capacitor
3.20.16 电容器的电介质dielectric of a capacitor
3.21 电磁单元 electromagnetic unit
3.21.1 中间变压器intermediate transformer
3.21.2 补偿电抗器(或补偿电感)compensating reactor (compensating inductance)
3.21.3 补偿电抗器的保护器件protection element of compensating reactor
3.21.4 阻尼装置damping device
3.22 载波附件carrier-frequency accessories
3.22.1 排流线圈drain coil
3.22.2 限压器件voltage limitation element
3.22.3载波接地开关carrier earthing switch
3.23 电容允许偏差capacitance tolerance
3.24 电容温度系数temperature coefficient of capacitance
附录A 与术语相关的电力互感器案例
附录B部分实物图提供者的全称与书中简称
参考文献

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